Last modified on 26 August 2014, at 08:38
See also:

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈戈戈土 (IIIG), composition)

  1. rampart, military wall

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 227, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5039
  • Dae Jaweon: page 463, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 442, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5792

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (垒), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 力委切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuᴇX/ /lwie̯X/ /liueX/ /lʷiɛX/ /lwiə̆X/ /lǐweX/ /ljuɛX/
Character (垒), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力遂切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuɪH/ /lwiH/ /luiH/ /lʷiH/ /lwiH/ /lwiH/ /ljuɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lěi ‹ lwijX › /*[r]ujʔ/ entrenchments

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7757 3 /*rolʔ/ 後作壘
7758 2 /*ruls/