Last modified on 12 May 2015, at 06:14

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土戈人大 (GIOK), four-corner 43134, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 229, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5107
  • Dae Jaweon: page 465, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 447, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+57C3

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (埃), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏開切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔʌi/ /ʔɑ̆i/ /ʔᴀi/ /ʔəi/ /ʔəj/ /ɒi/ /ʔɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
āi ‹ ʔoj › /*qˤə/ dust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14933 0 /*qlɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fine dust, dirt
    塵埃尘埃 (chén'āi, “dust”)
  2. angstrom
  3. one billionth, the number 10-10
  4. (a phonetic component)
    埃及 (Āijí, “Egypt”)
    埃塞俄比亞埃塞俄比亚 (Āisài'ébǐyà, “Abyssinia”)
    蘇維埃苏维埃 (sūwéi'āi, “soviet”)
  5. Egypt (abbreviation)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. one billionth

(hiragana ほこり, romaji hokori)

  1. dust

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ae)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ai)

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