Last modified on 8 November 2014, at 05:19

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土戈人大 (GIOK), four-corner 43134, composition)

  1. fine dust, dirt
  2. the number 10-10

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 229, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5107
  • Dae Jaweon: page 465, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 447, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+57C3

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (埃), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏開切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔʌi/ /ʔɑ̆i/ /ʔᴀi/ /ʔəi/ /ʔəj/ /ɒi/ /ʔɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
āi ‹ 'oj › /*qˤəә/ dust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14933 0 /*qlɯː/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. one billionth

(hiragana ほこり, romaji hokori)

  1. dust

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ae) (hangeul , revised ae, McCune-Reischauer ae)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ai)

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