Last modified on 25 April 2015, at 17:15

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
基-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (earth) – a foundation of earth.

基 基 基 基
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿金土 (TCG), four-corner 44104, composition)

  1. foundation, base

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 231, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5197
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 449, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+57FA

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (基), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨ/ /ki/ /kiə/ /kɨ/ /kɨ/ /kĭə/ /kie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ki › /*k(r)ə/ base (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9930 0 /*kɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. base
  2. (Cantonese, slang) gay

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. base
  2. be based on

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana もとい, romaji Motoi)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

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