Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 05:18

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿中手一 (TLQM), four-corner 44104, composition ⿳⿱廿)

  1. yellow loam
  2. clay
  3. season
  4. few

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 232, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 469, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 450, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5807

ChineseEdit

 
yellow loam; clay; season; few
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (堇), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨巾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɪn/ /gi̯ĕn/ /ɡiĕn/ /ɡin/ /gin/ /ɡĭĕn/ /ɡjen/
Character (堇), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 欣
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居隱切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨnX/ /ki̯ənX/ /kiənX/ /kɨnX/ /kɨnX/ /kĭənX/ /kiənX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jǐn ‹ gin › /*[g]rəә[r]/ time, season
jǐn ‹ kj+nX › /*kəә[r]ʔ/ (a kind of vegetable)
qín ‹ gin › /*[g]rəә[r]/ clay

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6731 1 𥎊 /*ɡrɯn/ 甲金文象人交手恭立爲覲初文,再加土爲堇墐
6746 1 /*kɯnʔ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn)

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