Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 07:18

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +15, 18 strokes, cangjie input 田田田土 (WWWG), four-corner 60104, composition)

  1. rampart, military wall

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 241, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5574
  • Dae Jaweon: page 481, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 498, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+58D8

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壘), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 力軌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuɪX/ /lwiX/ /luiX/ /lʷiX/ /lwiX/ /lwiX/ /ljuɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lěi ‹ lwijX › /*[r]ujʔ/ entrenchments

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7746 2 /*rulʔ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term
るい
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

NounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana るい, romaji rui)

  1. (baseball) base

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ru, yu) (hangeul , , revised ru, yu, McCune-Reischauer ru, yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(luỹ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.