Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 07:21

See also: 寿

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – an old man kneeling and praying for long life.

A rather complex character; top cognate to , bottom + . Middle originally similar to older form of , now simplified to .

Han characterEdit

(radical 33 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土弓一戈 (GNMI), four-corner 40641, composition ⿳⿳)

  1. old age, long life
  2. lifespan

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 244, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 484, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 483, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+58FD

ChineseEdit

simpl. 寿
trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壽), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 殖酉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨuX/ /ʑi̯ə̯uX/ /ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑuwX/ /ʑĭəuX/ /d͡ʑiəuX/
Character (壽), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 承呪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨuH/ /ʑi̯ə̯uH/ /ʑiuH/ /d͡ʑiuH/ /d͡ʑuwH/ /ʑĭəuH/ /d͡ʑiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shòu ‹ dzyuwX › /*[N-t]uʔ/ longevity
shòu ‹ dzyuwH › /*[N-t]uʔ-s/ longevity

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11707 1 /*djuʔ/
11709 1 /*djus/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thọ)

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