Last modified on 13 March 2015, at 23:44

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𠄎 (strain) +  (go slowly) – straining and slowly moving (because having trouble with the abundance of goods carried).

From the Shuowen: “秦以市買多得爲夃。𠄎从夂,益至也。从乃。[...]乃,難意也。” (“During the Qin, purchasing too much at the market was known as 夃. Derived from 𠄎 and 夂. It means "to exceed/augment." [𠄎 is] from 乃. [...] [In this context] 乃 means strain/trouble/difficulty”)

Han characterEdit

(radical 34 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹尸水 (NHSE), 弓尸竹水 (NSHE), four-corner 17227, composition)

  1. (literally) to purchase (excessively)
  2. (figuratively) to exceed, augment

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 244, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 485, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 393, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5903

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (夃), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 公戸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuoX/ /kuoX/ /koX/ /kuoX/ /kɔX/ /kuX/ /koX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4281 0 /*kaːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

(archaic) of , to buy (excessively/abundantly)

(archaic) of , to augment, increase, add

Usage notesEdit

The "yíng" reading is only used for the "to augment, increase, add" definition.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit