TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𠄎 (strain) +  (go slowly) – straining and slowly moving (because having trouble with the abondance of goods carried).

From the Shuowen: “秦以市買多得爲夃。𠄎从夂,益至也。从乃。[...]乃,難意也。” (“During the Qin, purchasing too much at the market was known as 夃. Derived from 𠄎 and 夂. It means "to exceed/augment." [𠄎 is] from 乃. [...] [In this context] 乃 means strain/trouble/difficulty”)

Han characterEdit

(radical 34 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹尸水 (NHSE), 弓尸竹水 (NSHE), four-corner 17227)

  1. (literally) to purchase (excessively)
  2. (figuratively) to exceed, augment

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 244, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 485, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 393, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5903

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping gu2, gwu2, Yale gu2, gwu2)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (gu1) or (gu3), Wade-Giles ku1 or ku3)

(archaic) of , to buy (excessively/abundantly)

(Pinyin yíng (ying2), Wade-Giles ying2)

(archaic) of , to augment, increase, add
Last modified on 21 December 2013, at 07:42