天竺

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Jinmeiyō

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/tendiku/ → /tenziku/. From Sinitic 天竺, itself a transcription from Old Persian *Hind-uka - hypocoristic of *Hinduš ("people living beyond the Indus"). See below for more.

Proper nounEdit

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, historical hiragana てんぢく, romaji tenjiku)

  1. (archaic) India.

Etymology 2Edit

/tendiku/ → /tenziku/. By extension from the noun sense.

NounEdit

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, historical hiragana てんぢく, romaji tenjiku)

  1. Foreign or exotic.
  2. Overly spicy or hot.

Etymology 3Edit

By extension from the 天 character, and possibly by association with the Himalayas.

NounEdit

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, romaji tenjiku)

  1. The sky; the heavens.
  2. A summit.
CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


MandarinEdit

EtymologyEdit

First recorded use in the Traditions of the Western Regions (西域傳) portion of the Book of Han, finished in 111 CE. Itself a transcription of Old Persian *Hind-uka - hypocoristic of *Hinduš ("people living beyond the Indus"). Late Old Chinese pronunciation: *l̥ˁin tˁuk. Variant transcription: 身毒 (Shēndú, from Late Old Chinese *qʰjin dˁuk).

Proper nounEdit

天竺 (traditional, Pinyin Tiānzhú)

  1. (archaic) India or Nepal
Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:57