Last modified on 20 November 2014, at 07:21

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 37 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手竹大 (QHK), four-corner 57432, composition)

  1. deed, contract, bond
  2. engrave

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 251, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5917
  • Dae Jaweon: page 513, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 536, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5951

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (契), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰeiH/ /kʰieiH/ /kʰeiH/ /kʰeiH/ /kʰɛjH/ /kʰieiH/ /kʰɛiH/
Character (契), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 迄
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 去迄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨt̚/ /kʰi̯ət̚/ /kʰiət̚/ /kʰɨt̚/ /kʰɨt̚/ /kʰĭət̚/ /kʰiət̚/
Character (契), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 屑
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦結切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰet̚/ /kʰiet̚/ /kʰet̚/ /kʰet̚/ /kʰɛt̚/ /kʰiet̚/ /kʰɛt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khejH › /*[kʰ]ˤet-s/ script notches
qiè ‹ khet › /*kʰˤet/ 契闊 hard-working (Ode 31.4)
qiè ‹ khet › /*kʰˤet/ cut

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6493 2 /*kʰeːds/
6511 2 /*kʰeːd/
6514 2 /*kʰeːd/
6519 1 /*kʰɯd/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pledge (allegiance)
  2. commit oneself
  3. promise (loyalty)

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gye, geul) (hangeul , , revised gye, geul, McCune-Reischauer kye, kŭl)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khế, khé, khè, khía, khít, khẻ, khẽ, khịt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.