Last modified on 8 April 2015, at 20:46

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

× 3, lewd behaviour, vice

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女女女 (VVV), four-corner 40444, composition)

  1. adultery
  2. debauchery
  3. debauch
  4. wrong, wicked, immoral
  5. rape

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 260, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6217
  • Dae Jaweon: page 526, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1048, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+59E6

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (姦), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古顔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣan/ /kan/ /kan/ /kɯan/ /kaɨn/ /kan/ /kɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ kæn › /*[k]ˤran/ wicked(ness)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6027 1 /*kraːn/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(gian)

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