Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 09:00

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from ()

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓木火 (NDF), composition)

  1. grandchild
  2. descendent
  3. a surname, listed third on the Baijiaxing

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (孫), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 思渾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/suən/ /suən/ /suən/ /suon/ /swən/ /suən/ /suən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sūn ‹ swon › /*[s]ˤu[n]/ grandchild; descendant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12178 2 /*suːn/

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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ReferencesEdit