The archaic usage referred to one of several titles during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. However, by the end of the Qing Dynasty, the title was merely honorific and did not necessarily mean that the person had anything to do with tutoring the crown prince. According to legend, because this title was bestowed upon Ding Baozhen, the inventor of Kung Pao chicken, it later came to be used as the name for the dish itself.
宮保 (traditional, Pinyin gōngbǎo, simplified 宫保)
- kung pao style of cooking (ex. Kung Pao chicken)
- (archaic) senior tutor of the crown prince (during the Ming Dynasty, shorthand for 太子太保)
- (archaic) assistant to the senior tutor of the crown prince (during the Qing Dynasty, short for 太子少保)
- Kung Pao chicken on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Kung Pao chicken
- 宮保雞丁 on the Mandarin Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:宮保雞丁
- 東宮三師 on the Mandarin Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:東宮三師
- "宮保" (in Mandarin), Guoyu Cidian On-line Mandarin Dictionary (國語辭典). URL accessed on 2010-12-27.
- 2007, Hanyu Da Cidian 3.0 (in Mandarin), Hong Kong: Commercial Press, ISBN 9789620702778: