- Cantonese (Jyutping): gaa1 zoeng2
- Hakka (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ): kâ-chóng
- Min Nan (POJ): ka-tiúⁿ / ke-tiúⁿ
- Min Nan
|Kanji in this term|
From Sinitic 家長.
Historically, this role has more commonly been filled by a man. However, this word alone is generally not gender-specific, and can refer to either a male or female head of household. To specify a particular gender, this word may be prefixed with either 女 (onna, “woman”) or 男 (otoko, “man”).