|Kanji in this term|
From Sinitic 家長.
Historically, this role has more commonly been filled by a man. However, this word alone is generally not gender-specific, and can refer to either a male or female head of household. To specify a particular gender, this word may be prefixed with either 女 (onna, “woman”) or 男 (otoko, “man”).
- 女家長 (おんなかちょう, onna kachō): a matriarch, the female head of a household
- 男家長 (おとこかちょう, otoko kachō): a patriarch, the male head of a household
- 女族長 (おんなぞくちょう, onna zokuchō): a matriarch, the female head of a family or clan
- 男族長 (おとこぞくちょう, otoko zokuchō): a patriarch, the male head of a family or clan
家長 (traditional, Pinyin 家长), simplified