Last modified on 30 January 2015, at 08:40

寿

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from

Han characterEdit

寿 (radical 41 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手大木戈 (QKDI))

  1. old age, long life
  2. lifespan

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 294, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7419
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 504, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5BFF

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of 寿 – see .
(This term, 寿, is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

寿

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. longevity, long life
  2. congratulations

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
寿
じゅ
Grade: S
on'yomi

The shinjitai, or Japanese simplified form, of . From Middle Chinese (dzyuwX, longevity).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

寿 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana じゅ, romaji ju)

  1. years of age
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
寿
ことぶき
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 寿く (kotobuku), itself an alteration of earlier root form kotohoku, a compound of (koto, words, speech) +‎ 祝く (hoku, to pray for a good outcome, obsolete in modern Japanese).[2]

The meaning shifted over time from to say something in prayer for a good outcome to a more general to say something favorable in hope for or upon a felicitous or auspicious occasion. From there, the meaning expanded to include long life.

This long life meaning was apparently already in use when the kanji was first imported and applied to this word.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

寿 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ことぶき, romaji kotobuki)

  1. congratulations, felicitations
  2. something worthy of congratulations
  3. long life, longevity

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
寿
ことほぎ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 寿ぐ (kotohogu), itself an alteration of earlier root form kotohoku, a compound of (koto, words, speech) +‎ 祝く (hoku, to pray for a good outcome, obsolete in modern Japanese).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

寿 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ことほぎ, romaji kotohogi)

  1. congratulations, felicitations
  2. something worthy of congratulations
  3. long life, longevity
Usage notesEdit

The kotohogi reading does not appear to be as common as the kotobuki reading further above.

Etymology 4Edit

Used as ateji for various names.

Proper nounEdit

寿 (hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

寿 (su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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