Last modified on 1 December 2014, at 12:25

尿

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

尿 (radical 44 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸水 (SE), four-corner 77232, composition)

  1. urine
  2. urinate

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 300, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7651
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 966, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5C3F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.
尿

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (尿, reconstructed)
Character (尿), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 蕭
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 奴弔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/neuH/ /nieuH/ /neuH/ /neuH/ /nɛwH/ /nieuH/ /neuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (尿, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
尿 niào ‹ newH › /*kəә.nˤewk-s/ urine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
尿 9517 尿 2 尿 /*neːwɢs/ 漢書作溺

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

尿

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. urine

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compound of yu (warm water) and the nominalization of the verb mar- (excrete).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana ゆまり, romaji yumari)

  1. urine

Etymology 2Edit

From yumari (id). Bilabial nasal /m/ loses nasality becoming /b/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana ゆばり, romaji yubari)

  1. urine

Etymology 3Edit

From yubari (id). Inital /yu/ > */yi/ > /i/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana いばり, romaji ibari)

  1. urine

Etymology 4Edit

From yubari (id), with the initial /yu/ dropping off.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana ばり, romaji bari)

  1. urine

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana しと, romaji shito)

  1. urine

Etymology 6Edit

Cognate with shito (id) and shii (id).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. urine

Etymology 7Edit

Cognate with shito (id) and shishi (id).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana しい, romaji shii)

  1. urine

Etymology 8Edit

/neu/ > [njoː].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

尿 (hiragana にょう, romaji nyō, historical hiragana ねう)

  1. urine

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

尿 (nyo) (hangeul , revised nyo, McCune-Reischauer nyo)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

尿 (niếu, niệu)

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