Last modified on 21 May 2015, at 06:06

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

The character is a pictograph representing [the remains of] rice (i.e. food, represented by the Chinese character ) being excreted out of a human body (); additionally, the radical is used for its phonetic value.

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 尸火木 (SFD), four-corner 77294, composition)

  1. excrement, dung

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 301, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7689
  • Dae Jaweon: page 598, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 973, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5C4E

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping hei1, si2, Yale hei1, si2)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. excrement, feces, poop

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くそ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Cognate with 臭い (kusai, stinky, smelly), 腐る (kusaru, to rot, to become stinky).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (colloquial) feces, excrement
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

InterjectionEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (expletive) crap, shit, bullshit
Usage notesEdit

This is not considered as profane as the English glosses. For instance, a child of five using the Japanese interjection kuso would be unremarkable, whereas it would be very socially inappropriate for a child of five to use the English interjection shit.

PrefixEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso-)

  1. A derogatory prefix.
     (くそ) (じじ)
    kusojijī
    crappy old man

SuffixEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji -kuso)

  1. A derogatory emphasizing suffix.
    下手 (へた) (くそ)
    hetakuso
    crappy bad at something; to be shit at doing something
    襤褸 (ぼろ) (くそ)
    borokuso
    broken down for shit, raggedy-ass

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ばば
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Appears to derive from baby talk.[1][2] Compare English poopoo.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ばば, romaji baba)

  1. (children's word): poopoo, poop, dookie
  2. (children's word): something unclean
IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shǐ (shi3), Wade-Giles shih3)

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Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(śí)

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Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA (su2), sái (sai2))

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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thỉ, xái)

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