Last modified on 5 August 2014, at 05:46
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 45 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心山 (PU), four-corner 50717)

  1. village, hamlet
  2. camp
  3. station
  4. third hexagram of the I Ching

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 304, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7828
  • Dae Jaweon: page 603, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 13, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C6F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (屯), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 諄
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟綸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiuɪn/ /ȶi̯uĕn/ /ȶiuĕn/ /ʈʷin/ /ʈwin/ /ȶĭuĕn/ /ȶjuen/
Character (屯), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 徒渾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duən/ /dʱuən/ /duən/ /duon/ /dwən/ /duən/ /duən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tún ‹ dwon › /*[d]ˤun/ accumulate
zhūn ‹ trwin › /*trun/ difficult

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12546 2 /*duːn/ 甲金文象屮初生葉芽,爲春初文,卜辭即有以今屯表今春者
12562 2 /*tun/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dun, jun) (hangeul , , revised dun, jun, McCune-Reischauer tun, chun)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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