Last modified on 7 November 2014, at 11:39

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 47 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈中戈中 (ILIL), four-corner 32000)

  1. (same as ) continent, large island, islet
  2. administrative division, state

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 324, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 46, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5DDE

ChineseEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (州), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 職流切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨu/ /t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/ /t͡ɕiu/ /t͡ɕiu/ /cuw/ /t͡ɕĭəu/ /t͡ɕiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōu ‹ tsyuw › /*tu/ islet in stream; province

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17493 1 /*tju/

NounEdit

  1. prefecture
  2. state (e.g., of the United States)
  3. (archaic) province
  4. (archaic) administrative division

See alsoEdit

  • 省份 (shěngfèn)
  • (shěng)
  • , (xiàn, Japanese prefecture)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しゅう, romaji shū)

  1. state (political entity)

(hiragana , romaji su)

  1. sandbank

CompoundsEdit

  • 自治州 (じちしゅう, jichishū)
  • 道州制 (どうしゅうせい, dōshūsei)
  • 九州 (きゅうしゅう, kyūshū)
  • 本州 (ほんしゅう, honshū)
  • 欧州 (おうしゅう, ōshū)
  • 豪州 (ごうしゅう, gōshū)
  • 備州 (びしゅう, bishū)
  • 満州 (まんしゅう, manshū)
  • 長州 (ちょうしゅう, chōshū)
  • 奥州 (おうしゅう, ōshū)
  • 座州 (ざす, zasu)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune-Reischauer chu, Yale cwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(châu, chu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.