Last modified on 28 August 2014, at 10:55

See also:

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

 + 

Also Simplified from (elimination of ).

Han characterEdit

(radical 48 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一竹弓戈 (MHNI), composition)

  1. fasten with a leather band
  2. consolidate
  3. a Chinese surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 325, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8726
  • Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5DE9

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (巩), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居悚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨoŋX/ /ki̯woŋX/ /kioŋX/ /kioŋX/ /kuawŋX/ /kĭwoŋX/ /kioŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gǒng ‹ kjowngX › /*k(r)oŋʔ/ bind with leather straps

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4068 0 /*koŋʔ/

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.