Last modified on 28 August 2014, at 19:40
See also: , , , , , , and 𡕒

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
干-bw.png
Stroke order
干-order.gif
simpl.
trad. //干

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Exists as a traditional character, and also a simplification of two traditional characters: Simplified from and .

干 干 干
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. oppose, offend
  2. invade, higher
  3. dried
  4. godparent

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (干), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. dry
  2. clean
  3. adoptive; foster

AdverbEdit

  1. in vain; for nothing

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Gan
  2. Short for 天干.

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (干), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/

VerbEdit

  1. to concern; to be implicated in
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Zhè shì yǔ wǒ wú gān. [Pinyin]
      It has nothing to do with me.

NounEdit

  1. (archaic) shield
  2. (literary) bank; edge of water bodies

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. trunk
  2. main part

VerbEdit

  1. to do
    • 什么 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ zài gàn shénme? [Pinyin]
      What are you doing?
  2. to manage
  3. to work
  4. to interfere
  5. (vulgar, colloquial) to engage in sexual intercourse, to fuck
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Gàn nǐ mā! [Pinyin]
      Fuck you!
  6. (vulgar, colloquial) to kill
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 干渉 (かんしょう, kanshō)
  • 干魃 (かんばつ, kanbatsu)
  • 干天 (かんてん, kanten)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.