Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 07:34

See also: , , , , , , and 𡕒

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
干-bw.png
Stroke order
干-order.gif
 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Exists as a traditional character, and also a simplification of two traditional characters: Simplified from and .

干 干 干
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. oppose, offend
  2. invade, higher
  3. dried
  4. godparent

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

ChineseEdit

 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (干), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gān ‹ kan › /*[k]ˤar/ pole
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤa[r]/ shield (n.)
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤar/ piece, item
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤar/ (placename)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3570 1 /*kaːn/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. dry
  2. clean
  3. adoptive; foster

AdverbEdit

  1. in vain; for nothing

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Gan
  2. Short for 天干.

 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

  1. to concern; to be implicated in

NounEdit

  1. (archaic) shield
  2. (literary) bank; edge of water bodies

 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. trunk
  2. main part

VerbEdit

  1. to do
  2. to manage
  3. to work
  4. to interfere
  5. (vulgar, colloquial) to engage in sexual intercourse, to fuck
  6. (vulgar, colloquial) to kill
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 干渉 (かんしょう, kanshō)
  • 干魃 (かんばつ, kanbatsu)
  • 干天 (かんてん, kanten)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.