Last modified on 29 November 2014, at 09:17

See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事):  + : hands (廾) placing a hat (厶) on someone’s head.

Han characterEdit

(radical 55 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 戈廿 (IT), X戈廿 (XIT), four-corner 23440, composition)

  1. conical cap worn during Zhou dynasty

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 353, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9588
  • Dae Jaweon: page 668, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 514, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5F01

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (弁), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 皮變切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biᴇnH/ /bʱi̯ɛnH/ /biɛnH/ /biɛnH/ /bianH/ /bĭɛnH/ /bjænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
biàn ‹ bjenH › /*C.[b]ro[n]-s/ cap

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
757 3 /*brons/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 関西弁 (kansaiben, Kansai dialect).
  • 花弁 (kaben, Petal).

Usage notesEdit

In Japan, this character is shinjitai of 4 characters, , , , and . Furthermore, in modern usage, this character is used to simplify and .

SuffixEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana べん, romaji ben)

  1. dialect

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(byeon, ban) (hangeul , , revised byeon, ban, McCune-Reischauer pyŏn, pan, Yale pyen, pan)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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