See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
弓-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形)

弓 弓 弓 弓
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 57 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓 (N), four-corner 17207)

  1. bow
  2. curved, arched
  3. KangXi radical number 57

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 356, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9692
  • Dae Jaweon: page 671, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 987, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5F13

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping gung1, Yale gung1)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ kiung, Guangdong kiung1, Hagfa Pinyim giung1)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. In modern Japanese, only found as a prefix in compounds.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana , romaji yu)

  1. a bow, a bow shape
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(yumi): Four different types of bow.
(yu, yumi, tarashi, kyū): Japanese bows, arrows, and arrow-stand.

Appears to be Old Japanese yu + suffixing element mi, itself of uncertain derivation.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ゆみ, romaji yumi)

  1. a bow:
    1. (weaponry) a bow for shooting arrows
    2. (music) a bow for playing a stringed instrument such as a violin or cello
  2. archery
  3. (Shintō) a type of kagura (sacred Shinto song and dance) intended to drive away evil
  4. short for 破魔弓 (​hama yumi): a ceremonial archery bow with the power to dispel evil
  5. a bow shape, a curve
  6. a bow-shaped tool used to beat ginned cotton into a softer and finer textile
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
External linksEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Alteration from torashi, 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb torasu, from tora as the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 取る (toru, to take) + (su, honorific suffix in Old Japanese). Original meaning was “something kept to hand”.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たらし, romaji tarashi)

  1. (rare, honorific) an archery bow, particularly one belonging to a noble
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Chinese (*giung).[1][2] Compare modern Mandarin (gōng).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū)

  1. (rare) a bow
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Chinese archery, a unit of length for measuring the distance between the archer and the target; one kyū was equal to six (shaku), roughly six feet or 182 centimeters
  3. (obsolete) in ancient China, a unit of length for surveying land; one kyū was equal to eight (shaku), roughly eight feet or 242 centimeters
Usage notesEdit

In modern Japanese, the reading kyū is most often found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit


the shape of the Hun bow

HanjaEdit

(gung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gung, McCune-Reischauer: kung, Yale: kwung)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. (:궁, hwal:gung): bow (for shooting arrows)

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin gōng (gong1), Wade-Giles kung1)

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*giung)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA kiong (kiong1), king (king1))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cung, cong, củng)

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:38