Last modified on 21 July 2014, at 11:19

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 57 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓一弓戈一 (NMNIM), four-corner 17127, composition ⿰⿹⿹弓冫)

  1. weak
  2. fragile, delicate

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 358, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9791
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 996, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+5F31

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (弱), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 而灼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨɐk̚/ /ȵʑi̯ak̚/ /ȵiak̚/ /ȵiɐk̚/ /ȵɨak̚/ /ȵʑĭak̚/ /ȵʑiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ruò ‹ nyak › /*newk/ weak
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10947 2 /*njewɢ/
CompoundsEdit

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. weak
  2. weakness
  3. slightly less than

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yak) (hangeul , revised yak, McCune-Reischauer yak, Yale yak)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhược, ních)

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