Last modified on 2 June 2014, at 15:55

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
心-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • (sometimes when used as a bottom Chinese radical, like )

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a heart, now highly stylized.

心 心 心
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心 (P), four-corner 33000)

Usage notesEdit

When written as a bottom radical, similar to , but distinguished by the second stroke from the left being longer, and passing under the third stroke from the left – this is an important composition detail.

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 375, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 700, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5FC3

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (心), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 息林切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪm/ /si̯əm/ /siəm/ /sim/ /sim/ /sĭĕm/ /sjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sim › /*səm/ heart
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13801 1 /*slɯm/

NounEdit

  1. (Beginning Chinese, literary) heart
  2. mind
  3. intention
  4. center, core

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PhrasesEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/ko2ko2ro2/: *[kəkərə] > [kokoro].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こころ, romaji kokoro)

  1. mind, heart, spirit, soul; thoughts, ideas
  2. attention, mind, interest
  3. heart, feelings, emotion, emotional state
  4. wholeheartedness, sincerity, true heart
  5. sympathy, heart, consideration, generous disposition
  6. meaning, essence; answer (as to a riddle)

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with ura (inside).

PronunciationEdit

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

[[Category:Requests for pronunciation (Japanese: {{accent:{{{1}}}|l=}})]]

NounEdit

(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. inner feelings; heart

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

[[Category:Requests for pronunciation (Japanese: {{accent:{{{1}}}|l=}})]]

NounEdit

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. heart, mind, core; spirit, vitality; inner strength, marrow
  2. core (as of a fruit); wick; lead (as of a pencil); padding
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sim)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sim, McCune-Reischauer: sim, Yale: sim)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tâm, tấm, tim)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.