TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
心-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • (sometimes when used as a bottom Chinese radical, like )

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a heart, now highly stylized.

心 心 心
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心 (P), four-corner 33000)

  1. heart
  2. mind, intelligence
  3. soul
  4. center, core

Usage notesEdit

When written as a bottom radical, similar to , but distinguished by the second stroke from the left being longer, and passing under the third stroke from the left – this is an important composition detail.

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 375, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 700, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5FC3

CantoneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping sam1, Yale sam1)

  1. heart

HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ sim, Guangdong sim1, Hagfa Pinyim xim1)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PhrasesEdit

  • 心頭滅却すれば火もまた涼し

Etymology 1Edit

/ko2ko2ro2/: *[kəkərə] > [kokoro].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こころ, romaji kokoro)

  1. mind, heart, spirit, soul; thoughts, ideas
  2. attention, mind, interest
  3. heart, feelings, emotion, emotional state
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 14, poem #3466)
      麻可奈思美 奴礼婆許登尓豆 佐祢奈敝波 己許呂乃緒呂尓 能里弖可奈思母
  4. wholeheartedness, sincerity, true heart
  5. sympathy, heart, consideration, generous disposition
  6. meaning, essence; answer (as to a riddle)

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with ura (inside).

PronunciationEdit

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. inner feelings; heart

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. heart, mind, core; spirit, vitality; inner strength, marrow
  2. core (as of a fruit); wick; lead (as of a pencil); padding
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sim)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sim, McCune-Reischauer: sim, Yale: sim)

CompoundsEdit


MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin xīn (xin1), Wade-Giles hsin1)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xīn)

  1. heart
  2. mind
  3. intention
  4. center, core

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*sim)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ sim, TLPA sim (sim1), Guangdong sim1)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tâm, tấm, tim)


WuEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Shanghai) (Taihu Wu): ɕiɲ(52)

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:38