Last modified on 2 June 2014, at 15:55

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
心-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • (sometimes when used as a bottom Chinese radical, like )

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a heart, now highly stylized.

心 心 心
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心 (P), four-corner 33000)

Usage notesEdit

When written as a bottom radical, similar to , but distinguished by the second stroke from the left being longer, and passing under the third stroke from the left – this is an important composition detail.

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 375, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 700, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5FC3

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (心), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 息林切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪm/ /si̯əm/ /siəm/ /sim/ /sim/ /sĭĕm/ /sjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sim › /*səm/ heart
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13801 1 /*slɯm/

NounEdit

  1. (Beginning Chinese, literary) heart
  2. mind
  3. intention
  4. center, core

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PhrasesEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/ko2ko2ro2/: *[kəkərə] > [kokoro].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こころ, romaji kokoro)

  1. mind, heart, spirit, soul; thoughts, ideas
  2. attention, mind, interest
  3. heart, feelings, emotion, emotional state
  4. wholeheartedness, sincerity, true heart
  5. sympathy, heart, consideration, generous disposition
  6. meaning, essence; answer (as to a riddle)

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with ura (inside).

PronunciationEdit

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. inner feelings; heart

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. heart, mind, core; spirit, vitality; inner strength, marrow
  2. core (as of a fruit); wick; lead (as of a pencil); padding
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sim)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sim, McCune-Reischauer: sim, Yale: sim)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tâm, tấm, tim)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.