Last modified on 28 October 2014, at 02:19

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old Chinese *niəm (Middle Chinese 去), *njəm (MC 上) (Li Fanggui (1971)). Cognate with Old Tibetan ཉམ, ཉམས (nyam(s), soul, mind, heart), སྙམ་པ (snyam-pa, to think, to mind).[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓心 (OINP), four-corner 80332, composition)

  1. think of, recall, study
  2. (same as 廿) twenty (20)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 378, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 706, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2274, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FF5
  1. ^ 《汉藏语同源词综探》,全广镇

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping nim6, Yale nim6)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ねん, romaji nen)

  1. sense
  2. feeling

CompoundsEdit

  • 念仏 (ねんぶつ, nenbutsu)
  • 四念処 (しねんじょ, shinenjo) : Maha SatiPatthana

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(nyeom, yeom) (hangeul , , revised nyeom, nyum, yeom, yum, McCune-Reischauer nyŏm, yŏm, Yale nyem, yem)

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MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin niàn (nian4), Wade-Giles nien4)

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CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*nèm)

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Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA liām (liam7))

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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(niệm, niềm, núm)

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