Last modified on 16 July 2014, at 00:16

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 心日一竹 (PAMH), four-corner 98027, composition)

  1. profligate, debauched, recklessly wasteful

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 395, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10936
  • Dae Jaweon: page 731, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2327, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+6113

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愓), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徒朗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑŋX/ /dʱɑŋX/ /dɑŋX/ /dɑŋX/ /daŋX/ /dɑŋX/ /dɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dàng ‹ dangX › /*lˤaŋʔ/ carefree, extravagant
shāng ‹ syang › /*l̥ aŋ/ move straight and rapidly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14568 0 /*l'aːŋʔ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. profligate

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

  1. fast
  2. go faster