Last modified on 17 July 2014, at 15:58

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 心十廿人 (PJTO), composition)

  1. resent, hate
  2. indignant

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (憤), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 房吻切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨunX/ /bʱi̯uənX/ /biuənX/ /biunX/ /bunX/ /bĭuənX/ /biuənX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fèn ‹ bjunX › /*[b]urʔ/ unhappy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
466 1 /*bɯnʔ/