Last modified on 21 July 2014, at 11:55
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心山一廿 (PUMT), four-corner 92018, composition)

  1. enjoy, be contented, joyful

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 396, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11015
  • Dae Jaweon: page 735, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2337, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6137

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愷), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 苦亥切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰʌiX/ /kʰɑ̆iX/ /kʰᴀiX/ /kʰəiX/ /kʰəjX/ /kʰɒiX/ /kʰɒiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kǎi ‹ khojX › /*C.qʰˁəjʔ/ triumphal music; happy
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10103 1 /*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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ReferencesEdit