Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 01:01

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心尸十水 (PSJE), composition)

  1. afraid, scared, fearful

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (懾), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 葉
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 之涉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇp̚/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛp̚/ /t͡ɕiɛp̚/ /t͡ɕiɛp̚/ /ciap̚/ /t͡ɕĭɛp̚/ /t͡ɕjæp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhé ‹ tsyep › /*[t.n][e]p/ to fear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9533 2 /*ʔnjeb/