Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 08:45

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 心日戈山 (PAIU), four-corner 91014, composition)

  1. sigh, regret
  2. generous

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 399, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11122
  • Dae Jaweon: page 739, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2331, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6168

ChineseEdit

generous; sad
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慨), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦蓋切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰʌiH/ /kʰɑ̆iH/ /kʰᴀiH/ /kʰəiH/ /kʰəjH/ /kʰɒiH/ /kʰɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kài ‹ khojH › /*[kʰ]ˤəә[t]-s/ disappointed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5814 1 /*kʰɯːds/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. rue, lament, be sad
  2. sigh

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khái, khới)

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