Last modified on 26 September 2014, at 23:41

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心中中女 (PLLV), four-corner 95044, composition)

  1. diligent, industrious, sedulous
  2. to encourage
  3. to make efforts
  4. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 401, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 741, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2345, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+617A

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慺), Pronunciation (1/3)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力朱切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨo/ /li̯u/ /lio/ /lio/ /luə̆/ /lĭu/ /lio/
Character (慺), Pronunciation (2/3)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 落侯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ləu/ /lə̯u/ /lu/ /ləu/ /ləw/ /ləu/ /ləu/
Character (慺), Pronunciation (3/3)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 力主切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨoX/ /li̯uX/ /lioX/ /lioX/ /luə̆X/ /lĭuX/ /lioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8468 0 /*roː/
8487 0 /*ro/
8503 0 /*roʔ/

Usage notesEdit

The lóu (lou2) reading is for the "diligent, industrious, sedulous, to encourage, to make efforts" definitions while the (lü3) reading is for the "surname" definition.

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ru, nu) (hangeul , , revised ru, nu, McCune-Reischauer ru, nu, Yale lwu, nwu)

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