Last modified on 24 March 2015, at 13:28

成功

ChineseEdit

 
finish; complete; accomplish; become; turn into; win; succeed; one tenth
 
merit; achievement; result; service; accomplishment
simp. and trad.
(成功)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (成功, reconstructed)
Character (成), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 是征切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/ /ʑi̯ɛŋ/ /ʑiɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiajŋ/ /ʑĭɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiæŋ/
Character (功), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kəwŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (成功, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*[d]eŋ/ to become (v.i.)
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*m-[d]eŋ/ to complete (tr. v)
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*kˤoŋ/ work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1417 0 /*djeŋ/ 說文丁聲,甲文戌下一豎,或表戈已製成
4021 0 /*koːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

成功

  1. to complete a task
  2. to achieve success; to succeed; success, prosperity; successful; successfully
  3. achievements; exploits; deeds
  4. effect, outcome
  5. to gather in the crops; to harvest

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (成功):

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 4
こう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

NounEdit

成功 (hiragana せいこう, romaji seikō)

  1. success
  2. success in life, achievement in the world

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

VerbEdit

成功 + する (hiragana せいこうする, romaji seikō suru)

  1. succeed
    製品 (せいひん)開発 (かいはつ)成功 (せいこう)した。
    seihin no kaihatsu ni seikō shita.
    We successfully developed the product.
  2. be successful in life

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

成功 (seonggong) (hangeul 성공)

  1. Hanja form? of 성공, “success”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

VerbEdit

成功

  1. Hán tự form of thành công, "to succeed"