Last modified on 12 September 2014, at 09:46

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 66 +7 in Chinese, 攴+8 in Japanese, in Chinese 11 strokes, in Japanese 12 strokes, cangjie input 一十人大 (MJOK), 弓十人大 (NJOK), four-corner 18140, composition ⿰⿱)

  1. to dare, venture
  2. bold, brave

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 472, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13260
  • Dae Jaweon: page 825, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1463, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6562

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (敢), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 古覽切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑmX/ /kɑmX/ /kɑmX/ /kɑmX/ /kamX/ /kɑmX/ /kɑmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gǎn ‹ kamX › /*[k]ˤamʔ/ dare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3674 1 /*klaːmʔ/ 說文從爪又,古聲,金文從爭甘聲,此爲隸變

VerbEdit

  1. to dare; to venture
  2. to be sure; to be certain
    • 肯定 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]gǎn kěndìng [Pinyin] — to be sure, to be certain
    • [trad.] / [simp.]gǎn shuō [Pinyin] — to be sure, to be certain

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gam, McCune-Reischauer: kam, Yale: kam)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cảm, cám, dám)

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