Last modified on 6 October 2014, at 16:28

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 66 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜木人大 (YDOK), four-corner 08440, composition)

  1. esteem
  2. honest, candid, sincere

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 473, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13276
  • Dae Jaweon: page 826, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1468, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6566

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (敦), Pronunciation (1/4)

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 都回切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tuʌi/ /tuɑ̆i/ /tuᴀi/ /tuoi/ /twəj/ /tuɒi/ /tuɒi/
Character (敦), Pronunciation (2/4)

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 都昆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tuən/ /tuən/ /tuən/ /tuon/ /twən/ /tuən/ /tuən/
Character (敦), Pronunciation (3/4)

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 度官切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duɑn/ /dʱuɑn/ /duɑn/ /dʷɑn/ /dwan/ /duɑn/ /duɑn/
Character (敦), Pronunciation (4/4)

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 都困切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tuənH/ /tuənH/ /tuənH/ /tuonH/ /twənH/ /tuənH/ /tuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dūn ‹ twon › /*tˁur/ solid, thick
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2587 2 /*tuːl/
2594 3 /*doːn/
2597 2 /*tuːn/
2602 2 /*tuːns/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana つとむ, romaji Tsutomu)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana あつし, romaji Atsushi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(don, toe) (hangeul , , revised don, toe, McCune-Reischauer ton, t'oe, Yale ton, thoy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đôn, đon, gion, ton, xôn, xun, dôn, đùn, giôn, run)

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