文書

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ぶん
Grade: 1
しょ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 文書 (*miən *shiu). Compare modern Mandarin 文書 (wénshū).

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. Now the most common reading for this term.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

文書 (hiragana ぶんしょ, romaji bunsho)

  1. a document, a written record
    文書 (ぶんしょ)でお () ()わせください。
    Bunsho de otoiawase kudasai.
    Please contact us in writing.
    物語 (ものがたり) (まる)ごと文書 (ぶんしょ) () ()めた。
    Monogatari o marugoto bunsho ni kakitometa.
    She wrote down the whole story. / She got the whole story down on paper.
  2. a letter, an epistle
    文書 (ぶんしょ)頻繁 (ひんぱん) ()わしていた。
    Bunsho o hinpan ni kawashite ita.
    They frequently exchanged letters.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1
しょ > じょ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 文書 (*miən *shiu), with rendaku for the character. The sho changes to jo due to rendaku (連濁). Compare modern Mandarin 文書 (wénshū).

The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing. Less common reading in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

文書 (hiragana もんじょ, romaji monjo)

  1. a document
  2. (in palaeography) a written text between two parties
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
Irregular

Archaic alteration of monjo above.

PronunciationEdit

  • Irregular
  • IPA(key): [mõ̞nzo̞]

NounEdit

文書 (hiragana もんぞ, romaji monzo)

  1. (archaic) a document
  2. (archaic) (in palaeography) a written text between two parties

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
ふみ
Grade: 1
かき > がき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (fumi, writing; a letter, an epistle) +‎ (kaki, writing, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 書く kaku, “to write”).[2] The kaki changes to gaki due to rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

文書 (hiragana ふみがき, romaji fumigaki)

  1. (archaic) the act of writing of a letter or correspondence
  2. (archaic) the writing in a letter or correspondence, especially the style or appearance
    • c. 10011014: Genji Monogatari (text here):
      古代なる御文書きなれど
      こだいなるおおむふみがきなれど
      Kodai naru ōmu-fumigaki naredo
      The writing is old-fashioned, but...

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

MandarinEdit

simpl. 文书
trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin wénshū
Zhuyin ㄨㄣˊ ㄕㄨ
IPA (key) /u̯ən³⁵ ʂu⁵⁵/

NounEdit

文書 (traditional, Pinyin wénshū, simplified 文书)

  1. document

Derived termsEdit

Last modified on 8 April 2014, at 20:00