Last modified on 18 November 2014, at 11:06

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
月-order.gif
Stroke order
月-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形), originally of the crescent moon.

月 月 月 月
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Usage notesEdit

As part of a compound, should not be confused with , form of (flesh, meat), which is used for example for parts of the body such as (back). These may be drawn identically, as 月, but in careful use they are distinguished, with ⺼ written with unattached diagonal strokes. This is particularly an issue in looking up characters by radical; compare 月 index and 肉 index.

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月 (B), four-corner 77220, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 504, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 879, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6708

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (月), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 月
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 魚厥切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐt̚/ /ŋi̯wɐt̚/ /ŋiuɐt̚/ /ŋʷiɐt̚/ /ŋuat̚/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋiuɐt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuè ‹ ngjwot › /*[ŋ]ʷat/ moon, month

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16319 3 /*ŋod/

NounEdit

  1. (literary) moon
  2. month

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Months of the year


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. moon
  2. a month (on the lunar calendar)
  3. every month
  4. menstruation
  5. abbreviation for 月曜日 (Monday)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
つき
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana つき, romaji tsuki)

  1. the moon
    日本 (にほん)では (つき)にうさぎが ()んでいるというお (はなし)があります。
    nihon de wa tsuki ni usagi ga sunde iru to iu o-hanashi ga arimasu.
    In Japan, there is a fairy-tale that rabbits live on the moon.
     (つき)地球 (ちきゅう)唯一 (ゆいいつ)衛星 (えいせい)です。
    Tsuki wa chikyū no yuiitsu no eisei desu.
    The moon is the only one satellite of the Earth.
  2. the lunar cycle, a month
     (つき)一度 (いちど)旅行 (りょこう) ()かけます。
    Tsuki ni ichi do, ryokō ni dekakemasu.
    I go for a trip once a month.
  3. (tarot): The Moon; the eighteenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks.
SynonymsEdit
Kanji in this term
がつ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

SuffixEdit

(hiragana がつ, romaji -gatsu)

  1. month of the year

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 2530
  • Halpern: 2956
  • Halpern Learners: 1876
  • Heisig: 13
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b0.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Usage notesEdit

When used in compounds counting a number of months with "ヶ"(, ka), 月 is pronounced as げつ (getsu). When used in compounds for modern months of the year, it is pronounced as がつ (gatsu). When used for poetic or lunar months, it is pronounced as つき (tsuki).


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wol)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: wŏl, Yale: wel)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: dal, McCune-Reischauer: tal, Yale: tal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nguyệt, ngoạt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.