See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
東-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Phonetic borrowing – originally represented a bag tied at both ends (like a cellophane-wrapped candy with the ends twisted), and was later borrowed phonetically to mean "east".[1] This borrowing may have been influenced by reinterpreting the character as the sun () rising behind a tree (), which is the traditional (though incorrect) etymology.

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木田 (DW), four-corner 50906, composition)

  1. east, eastern, eastward

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (south)
  • 西 (west)
  • (north)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  • KangXi: page 513, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14499
  • Dae Jaweon: page 899, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1165, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6771

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping dung1, Yale dung1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. east

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 東方 (tōhō): eastern direction
  • 東南 (tōnan): southeast
  • 東亜 (tōa): East Asia
  • 東洋 (tōyō): Orient
  • 東部 (tōbu): eastern part
  • 東西南北 (tōzainanboku): east, west, south, and north
  • 関東 (kantō): Kanto
  • 東風 (kochi): a spring wind that blows from the east
  • 中東 (chūtō): Middle East
  • 東京 (tōkyō): Tokyo
  • 東上 (tōjō): going to Tokyo
  • 東名高速道路 (tōmei kōsokudōro): Tokyo-Nagoya Expressway
  • 東側 (higashigawa): east side
  • 東口 (higashiguchi): east entrance
  • 東半球 (higashihankyū): Eastern Hemisphere
  • 東方 (tōhō): Touhou Project

Etymology 1Edit

/himukasi/: *pimukasi > ɸimukasi > himukashi. Compound of pi (sun), muka (facing, direction), and shi (wind, direction). Literally "the direction facing the sun".

NounEdit

(hiragana ひむかし, romaji himukashi)

  1. east

Etymology 2Edit

  • pingasi > ɸingasi > hingashi. From earlier /himukasi/: *pimukasi > ɸimkasi > ɸimgasi > ɸigasi > higasi.

NounEdit

(hiragana ひんがし, romaji hingashi)

  1. east
    • 10th century: Ise Monogatari (chapter 4, page 82)
      むかし、東(ひんがし)の五条に大后の宮おはしましける、西の対に住む人有けり。

Etymology 3Edit

From hingashi, from himukashi.

NounEdit

(hiragana ひがし, romaji higashi)

  1. east

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひがし, romaji Higashi)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 4Edit

aduma > azuma.

NounEdit

(hiragana あずま, historical hiragana あづま, romaji azuma)

  1. east, Eastern Japan

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana あずま, romaji Azuma)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: dong, McCune-Reischauer: tong, Yale: tong)
  • Name (hangeul): 동녘 (revised: dongnyeok, McCune-Reischauer: tongnyŏk, Yale: tongnyekh)

CompoundsEdit

  • 征東 (정동)
  • 正東 (정동)
  • 正東方 (정동방)
  • 齊東野人 (제동야인)
  • 東大門 (동대문)

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin dōng (dong1), Wade-Giles tung1)

NounEdit

(traditional, Pinyin dōng, simplified )

  1. east, eastern, eastward

Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ tang (tang1) (vernacular), tong (tong1) (literary))


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đông, đang, tông)

Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 04:48