Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 05:50

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一田木 (MWD), four-corner 10904, composition)

  1. chestnut tree, chestnuts
  2. used as a surname
  3. shiver, shudder, tremble (simplification of )

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 522, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 910, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1195, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6817

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad. 栗/

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (栗), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 力質切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪt̚/ /li̯ĕt̚/ /liĕt̚/ /lit̚/ /lit̚/ /lĭĕt̚/ /ljet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lit › /*[r]i[t]/ chestnut tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7969 2 /*riɡ/

JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くり, romaji kuri)

  1. a chestnut, common horse chestnut
  2. a chestnut tree

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. chestnut

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryul, yul) (hangeul , , revised ryul, yul, McCune-Reischauer ryul, yul, Yale lyul, yul)

  1. (): chestnut (fruit, tree)
  2. (떨다): shivering, shuddering, trembling

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  1. ^ This was authored by several scholars at the direction of King Sejong of Yi Dynasty, concerning the folk medical herb gathering by month.
  2. ^ Cited by: 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 538.
  3. ^ "" is a hanja rendering for 말밤(mal-bam), the origin of 마름(mareum, ) "water caltrop, water chestnut," literally, "coarse chestnut" such as "horse-chestnut".
  4. ^ Another likely literal reading is malryul, as given above.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lật)

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