桂花

JapaneseEdit

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Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1
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桂花

Etymology 1Edit

From Sinitic 桂花.

NounEdit

桂花 (hiragana けいか, historical hiragana けいくゎ, romaji keika)

  1. sweet osmanthus
  2. the flowers of the sweet osmanthus
Usage notesEdit

The term 桂花 is generally reserved for compounds. The tree and the flowers are usually distinguished within Japan between the white-blossoming 銀木犀 (ginmokusei, "silver osmanthus") and the orange-blossoming 金木犀 (kinmokusei, "gold osmanthus"), with the latter being more popular.

CompoundsEdit
  • 桂花茶 (けいかちゃ, keikacha): sweet osmanthus tea, a tea flavored with sweet osmanthus blossoms
  • 桂花醤 (けいかしょう, keikashō): sweet osmanthus sauce, a sweet sauce flavored with sweet osmanthus blossoms
  • 桂花陳酒 (けいふぁちんしゅ, keika chinshu): sweet osmanthus wine, an aged white wine flavored with sweet osmanthus blossoms
SynonymsEdit
  • 金木犀 (きんもくせい, キンモクセイ, kinmokusei)
  • 銀木犀 (ぎんもくせい, ギンモクセイ, ginmokusei)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by trees (kei in Japanese: general name for Lauraceae and other fragrant trees), which would bud, blossom, then drop their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons. Literally, "kei flower", likening the phases of the moon to the budding and blooming of the trees.

NounEdit

桂花 (hiragana けいか, historical hiragana けいくゎ, romaji keika)

  1. (euphemistic) the moon

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From ("gui tree") + ("flower"), expanded from to distinguish the osmanthus from the 肉桂 ("cassia", "Chinese cinnamon").

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin guìhuā
Zhuyin ㄍㄨㄟˋ ㄏㄨㄚ
IPA (key) /ku̯eɪ̯⁵¹ xu̯a̠⁵⁵/

NounEdit

桂花 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin guìhuā)

  1. sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans)

SynonymsEdit


Min NanEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From ("gui tree") + ("flower"), expanded from to distinguish the osmanthus from the 肉桂 ("cassia", "Chinese cinnamon").

NounEdit

桂花 (traditional and simplified, POJ kùi-hoe)

  1. the flower of the sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans)
桂花
Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 05:01