桶 (common “Jōyō” kanji)
- a tub, a bucket
- On: とう (tō), よう (yō)
- Kun: おけ (oke), こが (koga)
A small oke holding a cat.
A workman building a large oke.
From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of 麻 (o, “flax, ramie”) + 笥 (ke, “a container, especially for foodstuffs or tableware”).
桶 (hiragana おけ, romaji oke, historical hiragana をけ)
- A tube-shaped container for holding split flax or hemp, usually made of thin cypress wood bent to shape.
- By extension, a pail, bucket, tub, or basin similar to a barrel in construction, made of long thin pieces of cedar or cypress extending up from a base and held in place with hoops. Can be small enough to carry in one hand, or large enough to bathe in.
- (Noh theater) A stool on stage, on which an actor sits.
- 桶な物打ち明ける (おけなものうちあける, oke na mono uchiakeru), 桶の物打ち明ける (おけのものうちあける, oke no mono uchiakeru): "open up what's in your bucket" → to come clean to someone, with no hard feelings and no subterfuge
- 桶が腐れば菜が腐る (おけがくさればながくさる, oke ga kusareba na ga kusaru): "if the bucket rots, the greens rot" → if the surrounding is bad, it affects the inside
- 桶越し (おけごし, okegoshi): using an oke to cross a river
- 桶屋 (おけや, okeya): a person or store that makes, fixes, and/or sells oke and well walls
- 桶火 (おけび, okebi): the fire in a hioke
- 火桶 (ひおけ, hioke): a type of wooden hibachi
- 桶狭間 (おけはざま, Okehazama): a place in the south of Midori-ku, Nagoya
- 桶狭間焼き (おけはざまやき, Okehazama-yaki): a style of pottery originating near Okehazama
- 桶結い (おけゆい, okeyui): tying cord bands around an oke; an oke maker, an okeya
- 桶絞り (おけしぼり, okeshibori): a cloth dying process whereby the sections to leave undyed are put into oke and closed in with lids
- 桶酸い (おけすい, okesui): alternate name for 酢の木, 酢木 (すのき, sunoki): Vaccinium smallii, var. glabrum, a bush with edible (though sour) berries
- 桶取り (おけとり, oketori): a scene in a kyōgen farce presented between Noh plays; a woman working as a water carrier
- 桶尻 (おけじり, okejiri): the aft edge of the hull of a ship in traditional Japanese shipbuilding
- 桶据え (おけすえ, okesue): the hipbone
- 桶川 (おけがわ, Okegawa): a river in southeast Saitama Prefecture
- 桶側 (おけがわ, okegawa): the sides of an oke, the staves; a bowl-shaped container for holding trawling lines on a fishing boat
- 桶側胴 (おけがわどう, okegawa dō): a type of breastplate made of steel strips bound together, somewhat similar to how okegawa are bound together to make an oke
- 桶大工 (おけだいく, oke daiku): a cooper, a woodworker who specializes in making barrels, oke, and well walls
- 桶胴 (おけどう, oke dō): alternate name for 桶側胴 (okegawa dō); a type of taiko drum
- 桶風呂 (おけぶろ, okeburo): an oke fitted with a firebox for heating bathwater: a traditional Japanese wooden ofuro hottub
- 桶伏せ (おけぶせ, okebuse): wearing an oke on one's head; a mob punishment in the pleasure districts of early Edo-period Japan, where non-paying customers would be forced to wear an oke on their heads, were sat down on the side of the street, and forced to pay up
桶 (hiragana こが, romaji koga)
- An oke (tub, bucket, basin) or taru (樽: barrel).