See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木竹弓戈 (DHNI), four-corner 47910)

  1. maple tree

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 539, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15126
  • Dae Jaweon: page 926, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1253, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6953

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Yale fung1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. maple
  2. Liquidambar formosana, Chinese sweetgum tree, Formosan sweetgum tree

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 楓蚕 (ふうさん, fūsan): alternate for 天蚕蛾 (tegusuga, Japanese silkworm moth, Antheraea yamamai)
  • 風樹 (ふうじゅ, fūju): the Formosan gum tree; the maple
  • 楓科 (かえでか, kaedeka): the maple family, Aceraceae
  • 楓紅葉 (かえでもみじ, kaede momiji): maple leaves that have turned red in autumn; a style of layered clothing with light yellow-green on the outside and yellow or orange-red on the inside
  • 楓棚 (かえでだな, kaededana): a type of shelf in a tokonoma or study, with four legs and eight shelves
  • 楓鳥, カエデチョウ (かえでちょう, kaedechō): the black-rumped waxbill, a type of estrildid finch common in Africa and introduced to Japan in the 1960s
  • 楓鳥科, カエデチョウ科 (かえでちょうか, kaedechōka): genus Estrilda
  • 楓糖 (ふうとう, fūtō): maple syrup
  • 楓葉 (ふうよう, fūyō): maple leaves that have turned red in autumn
楓(カエデ)の葉っぱ

Etymology 1Edit

Originally a compound of (kaeru, frog) +‎ (te, hand), with the te changing to de due to rendaku (連濁), and the ru dropping out over time. From the way the palmate leaves resemble a frog's foot.

Alternative formsEdit

  • 槭樹

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かえで, historical hiragana かへで, romaji kaede)

  1. the maple tree
Derived termsEdit
  • 楓の木, 楓の樹 (かえでのき, kaede no ki): a maple tree
  • 楓の間 (かえでのま, Kaede no Ma): the Maple Room, one of the shogun sitting rooms in Edo Castle

Etymology 2Edit

Shift in pronunciation of kaede.

NounEdit

(hiragana かいで, romaji kaide)

  1. alternate reading for kaede: the maple tree
楓(カツラ)の葉っぱ

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese. Less common spelling for (katsura).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かつら, romaji katsura)

  1. the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Etymology 4Edit

From Old Japanese. Alternate spelling for 男桂 (okatsura, male katsura), an archaic name for the katsura tree. Compare 女桂 (mekatsura, female katsura: the cinnamon tree). Appears with this reading in the 和名類聚抄 (Wamyō Ruijushō), a Japanese dictionary of Chinese characters completed in 938.

NounEdit

(hiragana おかつら, historical hiragana をかつら, romaji okatsura) (alternative reading hiragana おかづら, romaji okazura)

  1. the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum
楓(フウ)の葉っぱ

Etymology 5Edit

From Sinitic .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふう, romaji )

  1. フウ: the Formosan sweetgum tree, Liquidambar formosana
  2. in certain kanji compounds, the maple tree
IdiomsEdit
  • 楓呉江に落つ (ふうごこうにおつ, fū gokō ni otsu): "the leaves falling in Wujiang" → being disappointed in the reality of something after having lofty ideas about it; from a story in the New Book of Tang about an inspiring poem from an otherwise uninspiring poet
  • 楓葉衰えて盧橘花開く (ふうようおとろえてろきつはなひらく, fūyō otoroete rokitsu hana hiraku): "the red sweetgum/maple leaves fade, and the kumquat flowers open" → a metaphor for the turning of the seasons

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pung) (hangeul , revised pung, McCune-Reischauer p'ung, Yale phung)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin fēng (feng1), Wade-Giles feng1)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phong)

Last modified on 5 April 2014, at 06:33