Last modified on 5 March 2015, at 09:57

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
楚-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (trees) + phonetic  – a place with many trees, the Kingdom of Chu.

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木弓卜人 (DDNYO), four-corner 44801)

  1. Chu, an ancient Chinese viscounty and kingdom along the Yangtze River during the Zhou dynasty
  2. The realm of this state under later imperial Chinese dynasties
  3. clear
  4. pain, suffering

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 539, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15141
  • Dae Jaweon: page 927, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1244, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+695A

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (楚), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 創舉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɨʌX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woX/ /t͡ʃʰiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆X/ /t͡ʃʰĭoX/ /t͡ʃʰiɔX/
Character (楚), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 瘡據切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɨʌH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woH/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆H/ /t͡ʃʰĭoH/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*[s.r̥ ]aʔ/ arrange in order
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*s.r̥ aʔ/ thorns
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*s.r̥ aʔ/ name of a state

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11781 0 /*sŋ̥ʰraʔ/
11786 0 /*sŋ̥ʰras/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune-Reischauer ch'o, Yale cho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sở, sỡ)

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