Last modified on 28 January 2015, at 15:36

橄欖

ChineseEdit

olive olive
trad. (橄欖)
simp. (橄榄)
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Wikipedia zh

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from a Tai-Kadai language in ancient times. Compare Zhuang gyamj (olive), Lao ເຫລືອມ (lư̄am, Canarium kerrii Craib), ເກິມ (kœm, Canarium venosum Craib), and also Middle Vietnamese tlám (olive) (from earlier < *klam; Modern trám).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (橄欖, reconstructed)
Character (橄), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 古覽切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑmX/ /kɑmX/ /kɑmX/ /kɑmX/ /kamX/ /kɑmX/ /kɑmX/
Character (欖), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 盧敢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑmX/ /lɑmX/ /lɑmX/ /lɑmX/ /lamX/ /lɑmX/ /lɑmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (橄欖, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3675 1 /*klaːmʔ/
6089 1 /*ɡ·raːmʔ/

NounEdit

橄欖

  1. European olive (Olea europaea)
  2. Chinese olive (Canarium album)

Usage notesEdit

It's easy to confuse the European and Chinese olives, because they're often referred to by the same name. Fortunately, there's little overlap in use: the European olive is packaged for food in brine (it's inedible fresh), or as oil pressed from the fruit. The Chinese olive is dried or candied, or the nuts are eaten. The European olive is foreign and mentioned in the Bible, as well as in the context of the Middle East and Europe, while the Chinese olive is native and East Asian.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (橄欖):

Others

  • Malay: kanar (Chinese olive eaten salted or sweet)
  • → Singaporean English: kana (olives that have been dried and preserved using salt and sugar, eaten as a snack)
  • Thai: กาน้า (kānā, Canarium album)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
らん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

NounEdit

橄欖 (hiragana かんらん, romaji kanran)

  1. Chinese white olive
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

橄欖 (gamnam) (hangeul 감람)

  1. Hanja form? of 감람, “Chinese white olive”.