水底

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
みず
Grade: 1
そこ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements (mizu, water) +‎ (soko, bottom).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

水底 (hiragana みずそこ, romaji mizusoko)

  1. the bottom or bed of a body of water

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
そこ > ぞこ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
そこ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements (mi, water) +‎ (na, Old Japanese possessive particle) +‎ (soko, bottom).[1][2]

Sometimes also read as minazoko. The soko changes to zoko due to rendaku (連濁).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

水底 (hiragana みなそこ, romaji minasoko) (alternative reading hiragana みなぞこ, romaji minazoko)

  1. the bottom or bed of a body of water

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
てい
Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 水底 (sywijX *děi, literally water bottom). Compare modern Mandarin 水底 (shuǐdǐ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

水底 (hiragana すいてい, romaji suitei)

  1. the bottom or bed of a body of water
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
Last modified on 12 December 2013, at 06:44