Last modified on 25 November 2014, at 10:05

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水尸心 (ESP), four-corner 37111, composition)

  1. mud, mire
  2. earth, clay
  3. plaster

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 617, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17311
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1595, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6CE5

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (泥), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 奴低切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nei/ /niei/ /nei/ /nei/ /nɛj/ /niei/ /nɛi/
Character (泥), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 奴計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/neiH/ /nieiH/ /neiH/ /neiH/ /nɛjH/ /nieiH/ /nɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nej › /*C.nˤ[əәj]/ mud
‹ nejH › /*nˤəәr(ʔ)-s/ impeded, obstructed (Lunyu)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9417 1 /*niːl/
9421 1 /*niːls/

Usage notesEdit

(Hakka) The ni5 (ni2) reading is literary, while the nâi nai5 (nai2) reading is colloquial. Readings in parentheses are Hagfa Pinyim.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana どろ, romaji doro)

  1. mud
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ni, i) (hangeul , , revised ni, i, McCune-Reischauer ni, i, Yale ni, i)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(), nề, nhãn

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