Last modified on 31 December 2014, at 02:03

海豚

ChineseEdit

ocean; sea suckling pig
simp. and trad.
(海豚)

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

海豚

  1. dolphin

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular
海豚
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Unclear. One of the more likely theories is that this was originally a compound of Old Japanese elements (iwo, fish) +‎ (uka, food, something used as food).

/iwo uka/ > /iru uka/ > /iruka/

Another possibility is that it was a borrowing from Ainu. Cf. Sakhalin Ainu (i)riku, Kuril Ainu rika 'whale'.[1]

The 海豚 spelling is an example of ateji. The characters literally mean “sea pig”.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

海豚 (hiragana いるか, katakana イルカ, romaji iruka)

  1. dolphin (the mammal)

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms used in biology, this is commonly spelled in katakana, as イルカ.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • ^ Martine Robbeets (2005:190) Is Japanese Related to Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic?