Last modified on 26 July 2014, at 01:26
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水中火中 (ELFL), composition⿴⿰丿)

  1. gulf, abyss, deep
  2. surge up, bubble up, gush forth

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 633, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17750
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1039, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1654, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6E0A

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (淵), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏玄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔwen/ /ʔiwen/ /ʔuen/ /ʔʷen/ /ʔwɛn/ /iwen/ /ʔuɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuān ‹ 'wen › /*[ʔ]ʷˤi[ŋ]/ abyss

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16099 1 /*qʷiːn/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit