Last modified on 24 March 2015, at 17:51

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (water) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水月月口 (EBBR), four-corner 37127)

  1. swirl, whirlpool, eddy

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 634, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17771
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1041, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1651, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6E26

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping gwo1, wo1, Yale gwo1, wo1)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

/kwa//ka/

From Middle Chinese eddy, swirl, whirlpool (kwa?).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. eddy, swirl, whirlpool, vortex
Usage notesEdit

This reading is only ever found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(uzu): a vortex in colored smoke, caused by the passage of an airplane wing.
Kanji in this term
うず
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/udu//udzu//uzu/

From Old Japanese.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うず, romaji uzu, historical hiragana うづ)

  1. eddy, swirl, whirlpool, vortex
    • Early 700s, 播磨国風土記 (Harima no Kuni Fudoki, “Chronicles of the Country of Harima”)
      絞水 (うづ) (ふち)あり。 (かれ)宇頭 (うづ) (がわ) (なづ)
      Uzu no fuchi ari. Kare, Uzugawa to nazuku.
      There is a deep whirl / eddy pool there. As such, it is called “Uzugawa” (Eddy River).
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wa) (hangeul , revised wa, McCune-Reischauer wa, Yale wa)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin guō (guo1), (wo1), Wade-Giles kuo1, wo1)

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