無い

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

AdjectiveEdit

無い (-i inflection, hiragana ない, romaji nai)

  1. nonexistent
     (わたし)がテーブルの (うえ) (たし)かに ()いたリンゴが ()
    watashi ga tēburu no ue ni tashika ni oita ringo ga nai.
    I know I put an apple on the table, but it's gone.
    名前 (なまえ)はまだ ()
    namae wa mada nai.
    I don't yet have a name.
  2. not possessed or unavailable for one to use
     (かね)がない。
    okane ga nai.
    I'm broke
  3. not yet come, (expected but) not arrived
  4. first in occurrence

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This is only used with inanimate objects or things, with a few exceptions. When describing people or animals,  () (iru) is used instead.

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.
Last modified on 28 October 2013, at 00:42