Last modified on 23 June 2014, at 00:37

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈心火 (IPF), four-corner 21331, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 679, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1090, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2227, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+718A

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (熊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 羽弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuŋ/ /i̯uŋ/ /ɣiuŋ/ /ɦiuŋ/ /ɦuwŋ/ /ɣĭuŋ/ /ɣiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xióng ‹ hjuwng › /*C.[ɢ]ʷ(r)əәm/ bear (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13906 1 /*ɢʷlɯm/

NounEdit

(classifier /, /)

  1. (Advanced Mandarin) bear (mammal)

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Xiong (mainland China), Hsiung (Taiwan), Hung (Hong Kong)

VerbEdit

  1. (colloquial) to scold
  2. to oppress, to tyrannise

AdjectiveEdit

  1. mean; malicious; merciless
  2. loutish; oafish

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bear

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くま, katakana クマ, romaji kuma)

  1. bear (animal)
  2. (slang) bear, otter, a hairy man, especially one who is gay.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ung) (hangeul , revised ung, McCune-Reischauer ung, Yale wung)

  1. ( , gom ung): bear

SynonymsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hùng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.